Many people have no prior experience in programming, scripting and coding, but they are still eager to learn more about them. There are different types of programming languages and here are three of them:
- HTML and XHTML: HTML can be considered as the most basic type of web programming language and it essentially what builds the World Wide Web. There are several forms of HTML, as an example, XHTML is essentially a combination of XML and HTML. It is important for developers who want to have XML extensibility in their website. However, each variant of HTML could have different rules, for example, XHTML can be somewhat stricter, for example every open tag must be closed. Deciding to use between XHTML and HTML depends on our preferences and requirements. As an example, many of us could be more comfortable with flexibility, while others could prefer strict rules. HTML5 is the newest variant of HTML and it is developed by experts from Mozilla, Opera and Apple. The World Wide Web Consortium or W3C has also developed the XHTML 2.0.
- CSS: CSS or cascading style sheet is an important web language that could give our HTML-based webpage good looks. We could have more defined presentation and CSS could help us to refer many elements of website, including size, element positioning, sizes and text fonts. With well-written webpages, we could obtain content and structure. Stylesheets are used for different reasons, but they could give us many things, such as improved accessibility when opening the websites on print media and mobile devices. Depending on which stylesheet we use, one webpage could look significantly different. The basic HTML code could remain the same, but the design may change depending on the stylesheet we choose. There are also different versions of HTML, such as CSS 2.0, CSS 2.1 and CSS 3.0. All are actually identical at the core, but CSS3 could actually go hand in hand with HTML5. The combination of HTML5 and CSS3 could provide us many great features, such as shadows, gradients and rounded corners. With CSS, our goals are actually about making sure that webpages could be used properly by users.
- PHP and MySQL: The combination of HTML, CSS, PHP and MySQL could provide us with highly versatile systems. In fact, highly popular blogging platforms, such as WordPress, are all based on these technologies. PHP or PHP: Hypertext Preprocessor is a server-side code. In this case, we put the PHP codes in servers and they will dynamically generate specific HTML and CSS codes that are sent to users’ web browsers for rendering. Codes that are sent to users’ computers and mobile devices are often different, depending on dynamic information that needs to be delivered. PHP is often integrated with MySQL and this allows the use of strong database structure. In fact, records can be created, retrieved and stored. There are different versions of PHP and MySQL , so it is important for us to choose those that match our requirements.